Kidney and Bladder Stone: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment in Persian Traditional Medicine

Treatment For Kidney and Bladder Stones in Persian Traditional Medicine.

Treatment For Kidney and Bladder Stones in Persian Traditional Medicine.

What Is Kidney and Bladder Stone?

The reason for stone formation in kidneys is strong heat that affects the slimy and thick phlegmatic substances remaining in these organs. The moisture of these substances gets absorbed and cause them to become hard and petrified and form stones. In some cases, these petrified materials are smelly. Drinking muddy water, eating slimy and dusty foods, eating minerals, rennet, and anything that coagulates contribute to stone formation. Eating too much laxative food also aggravates this problem.

In elderly and obese who have weak kidney excretion, kidney stones are more likely to form due to the concentration and viscosity of excretory substances as well as the narrowness of the excretory pores. Kidney stones are less common in children and young thin people. It is also formed in middle-aged and young people with hard flesh and narrow veins who eat a lot of thick foods and diuretics together. Also, there is a possibility of this disease if you eat slimy foods and diuretics together in areas with cold weather. But in regions where the weather is hot and people eat a lot of cold temperament foods such as melons and cucumbers, they do not get this disease.

In some people, this disease is diagnosed repeatedly, and stones are formed in the kidney or bladder every 6 months or a year. This disease can also be inherited in children.

Treatment of Kidney and Bladder Stones.

Symptoms of Kidney Stone Formation

  • Something like red or yellow pebbles are deposited in the urine.
  • Pain and a feeling of needle penetration in the back and pain in the kidney are felt repeatedly.
  • When the pain goes down and is felt at the end of the thigh, it is a sign of the presence of stones in the urinary tract.
  • Pain relief is a sign of stones falling into the bladder.
  • When eating a lot of food, the back pain becomes severe, and when the food enters the intestine, the kidney pain increases. Bowel evacuation relieves pain.
  • The testicle on the side of the body where there is kidney pain becomes painful and the thigh on the same side becomes weak.
  • Urine is thick and turbid and becomes diluted and clear at once.
  • Severe pain and painlessness may be felt successively.

Symptoms of Bladder Stone Formation

  • Something like white or gray pebbles are deposited in the urine.
  • Pain and itching are felt at the root of the penis and in the pubic hair area. The patient constantly touches and scratches the penis.
  • Urine comes out with difficulty.
  • Unlike kidney stones, bladder stones are larger because they have a larger space for growth.
  • Bladder stone is not painful unless it comes out of the bladder and blocks the urinary tract.
  • When urination is painful, it is a sign that the bladder stone is small and can come out of the bladder and enter the urethra.
  • The presence of pebbles in the urine is a sign of the weakness and fragility of the bladder stone, and the absence of pebbles in the urine is a sign of the hardness of the bladder stone.
  • The root of the penis feels painful while walking.
Symptoms of stone formation in the bladder.

Treatment For Kidney and Bladder Stone

To treat kidney stones, you must first avoid eating foods that produce kidney stones. The rest of the phlegm should be removed by vomiting or by using thick phlegm laxatives. It is also necessary to strengthen the kidney and eliminate the rest of the concentrated substances using diuretic drugs. With these methods, the power of stone formation decreases. In the next step, the stone is broken and removed with stone-breaking drugs, slippery and softening drugs for the urinary tract.

If the patient is weak, soft and easy-to-digest foods such as small and fat organic chicken, goat meat, semi-roasted chicken, and dry bread. If the patient is strong, foods with fewer calories such as peeled mung beans (Phaseolus mungo), spinach (Spinacia oleracea), non-alcoholic beer, zucchini stew, cucumber stew, chickpeas stew (cooked peas in water with meat), simple foods which include almond kernels and almond oil.

Avoid overeating. Strengthen the stomach in order to remained undigested food expels from the body.

Gentle exercise, a little massage, bath, and sitting in the decoction of suitable herbs can be useful since these actions cause substances to leave the kidney and expels from the body, soften the pores and prevent the formation of stones. But overdoing these things is harmful because it weakens the strength of the body and kidneys.

Other things that can cause stone formation, is drinking water between meals and also occasionally drinking it in the morning on an empty stomach. The patient should not sleep on carpets which is made by animal skin and wool, and should sleep on linen carpets so that the kidney does not heat up and stones are not produced.

Which Foods Cleanse the Kidney and Bladder?

Singular Drugs to Cleanse the Kidney and Bladder (Vegetables, Fruits, Drinks and Medicines)


Celery (Apuim graveolens), chicory (Cichorium intybus), dill (Anethum graveolens), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Caltrops (Tribulus terrestris), leaves and roots of radish (Raphanus sativus) and Inula helenium.


Melon (Cucumis melo), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), Armenian cucumber (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus), white grapes, fresh and dried figs, bitter almond (Amygdalus communis var. amara), hawthorn (Crataegus), pistachio (Pistacia vera) and Asparagus officinalis with vinegar and olives. There is a power in Crataegus that cleans the urinary tract and expels stones.


Sekanjebin which is made from caper vinegar (Capparis spinosa) or it is made from Drimia vinegar (Drimia maritima) and horseradish juice and white wine.

Other Drugs:

Commiphora mukul Gum, Crataegus, Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), Cinnamomum cassia Blume, Cucumber root (Ecballium elaterium), and Commiphora opobalsamum wood and Commiphora opobalsamum seed, Adiantum capillus veneris, Phyllitis scolopendrium and Cinnamomum tamala seed. Chamaphytus (Ajuga chamaepitys), Teucrium polium, Asparagus officinalis root, Cyperus longus, Laurus nobilis root bark, and field garlic (Teucrium scordium), Armenian borax.

Medicinal Herbs Which Have a Strong Effect on the Kidney:

Jewish stone (Lapis Judaicus), Cretan dittany (Origanum dictamnus), Ajuga chamaepitys.

Medicinal Herbs Which Have a Strong Effect on the Bladder:

Egg shell ash from which the chick hatched, pigeon dung, rabbit dung.

Medicinal herbs such as pepper and cinnamon should be mixed with these medicines to expel them and bring them to the bladder. Diuretic drugs such as Acorus calamus, Daucus carota L. seeds, Vitis vinifera, Asarum europaeum, Carum copticum, Levisticum officinale, Cymbopogon, Lagoecia cuminoides and Vitex agnus-castus seeds are mixed to get the stone out of the urine as soon as possible.

If pain is felt in the bladder, pain-relieving medicine such as flax seed and its glaze, Pinus gerardiana kernel, hazelnut kernel (Corylus avellana), Althaea officinalis seed, Aloe barbadensis, Polypodium vulgare and Myristica fragrans gum are mixed with other medicines.

What Can Form Kidney and Bladder Stones?

Kidney and Bladder Strengthening Medicine:

If the kidneys and bladder are weak and cannot perform excretion well, the condition for the formation of stones in kidneys and bladder is created. Medicines such as Statice limonium, Zingiber zerumbet, Melissa officinalis seeds, Damask Rose flower (Rosa damascena), Santalum, Punica granatum flowers and fruit pastes such as apple and pear strengthen the kidney, bladder, and all internal organs.

If the kidney and bladder are hot, medicine with less heat should be used.

Combined Medicines For Expelling the Stones

A medicine that is useful for expelling stones for hot temperaments:

– Armenian cucumber seed kernel (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus), melon seed kernel (Cucumis melo) and pumpkin seed kernel (Cucurbita pepo) one part each, fennel seed half, mix and grind them all. Eat 9.6 grams with Sekanjebin mixed with rose water and drink it chilled.

Another treatment for kidney stones:

Cucumber seed (Cucumis sativus), Armenian cucumber seed kernel (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus), melon seed kernel (Cucumis melo) and pumpkin seed kernel (Cucurbita pepo), 16 grams each, celery seed (Apuim graveolens) 6.4 grams, fennel seeds and Spongia officinalis, 9.6 grams of each, mix and grind. Eat 9.6 grams with cinnamon.

Bath for kidney stones:

Tribulus terrestris and chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), Melilotus officinalis, Origanum majorana, celery, Brassica oleracea, dill (Anethum graveolens), Althaea officinalis leaves, Adiantum capillus veneris, all take equal amounts and cook in water and let it cool. Sit in that water. After that, eat cucumber seeds (Cucumis sativus), Armenian cucumber seed (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus) with 2.1 grams of Hajar al-Yahood (Lapis judaicus) and occasionally eat the following syrup:

Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and Adiantum capillus veneris, 16 grams each, Althaea officinalis seed and Malva sylvestris seed, 9.6 grams each, celery seed, fennel seed and Tribulus terrestris, 6.4 grams each, 10 dried figs, 30 pieces of Cordia myxa fruits, all cooked and strained. Eat 100 grams of it with 25 grams of Sekanjebin.

Decoction for stone removal: Lubricates the stone in the urinary tract and expels it with urine:

Boil the leaves of Malva sylvestris in water and mix with honey and tallow and eat as much as you can.

Or dissolve Cassia fistula in fennel juice and eat with almond oil.

Exercising and riding a horse and climbing and going down the stairs will cause the stone to goes down from the kidney to the urinary tract and bladder. To get rid of the bladder stone, cook chamomile, Melilotus officinalis, Althaea officinalis and bran in water and mix it with warm oils such as Sedab oil (Ruta graveolens) and apply under the belly to reduce the pain.

Use of thick phlegm purgative is useful for kidney stones:

A pill that expels thick phlegm: Ipomoea turpethum 4.2 grams, Ipomoea hederacea seeds 1.6 grams, Aloe barbadensis 1.6 grams, Citrullus colocynthis 0.6 grams, mix all and eat at once.

Medicine that removes the stone from the kidney:

Mix melon seeds (Cucumis melo), Cuminum cyminum, Carum copticum, Cyperus longus, celery seeds (Apuim graveolens), horseradish seeds and bitter almonds (Amygdalus communis var. amara) in equal amounts. Take 3.2 grams with a decoction of Adiantum capillus veneris.

A medicine that breaks kidney and bladder stone and expels them:

Brassica oleracea var. capitata ash, the ashes of the eggshell from which the chick has hatched and Lithos Ioydaikos, mix them all in equal amounts and take one scoop (4.2 grams) with Tribulus terrestris juice and old wine.

Another medicine to get rid of kidney stones:

Commiphora opobalsamum seeds, Moringa arabica seeds, Lithospermum officinale seeds, Spongia officinalis stone, Melon seed kernel (Cucumis melo), grind them all in equal amount. Eat 4.2 grams.

Medicine that removes kidney stones:

Mix and grind the seeds of Cucumis melo, Cuminum cyminum, Carum copticum, Cyperus longus, Apuim graveolens seeds, horseradish seeds and bitter almonds in equal amounts, eat 3.2 grams with Maidenhair decoction.

Sofof  (crushed herb) for kidney and bladder stones in hot temperaments:

Cucumber seed (Cucumis sativus), Armenian cucumber seed (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus), watermelon seed and pumpkin seed kernel, 16.8 grams each, fennel and Lithos Ioydaikos, 6.4 grams each mixed with ginger and eat 8 grams.

Sofuf that cleans children kidney and bladder stone:

Melon seeds (Cucumis melo), gum arabic, Prunus domestica gum, grind all and sieve in equal amount. Eat 1.6 grams to 3.2 grams.

Mjun-e- Hajr-al-Yahud: Removes kidney stone:

Cucumber seeds, pumpkin seeds, Persian Melon seed kernel (Cucumis melo), Physalis alkekengi, each 16 grams, Hajr-al-Yahud 160 grams and mix with honey. Eat 6.4 to 9.6 grams.

Sofuf-e-Hajr-al-Yahud: breaks down kidney and bladder stone:

Cucumber seed and Armenian cucumber seed kernel, pumpkin seed kernel, Persian Melon seed kernel (Cucumis melo), each 16 gr, Sitao seed (Dolichos biflorus) and Hajr-al-Yahud each 6.4 grams, Sisalius (Tordylium officinale) 4.8 grams, tragacanth, Arabic gum, starch, licorice paste each 3.2 grams, mix and powder and make sofuf. Eat 6.4 g with Tribulus juice.

Another Sofuf for kidney and bladder stone:

cucumber seed and Armenian cucumber seed kernel, pumpkin seed kernel, marshmallow seed and fennel each 3.2 grams, Sitao seed (Dolichos biflorus) and

plum tree gums each 6.4 grams, Hajr-al-Yahud 1.6 grams. Powder and mix. Eat with Tribulus decoction.

Habb (tablet) for breaking kidney and bladder stone:

Hajr-al-Yahud, plum tree gums, cucumber seed and Armenian cucumber seed kernel, dill seed, Abnus (Diospyros ebenum), licorice paste, saffron, goat bladder, equally mix and powder, make Habb (tablet) in celery seed juice and rose water. Eat 9.6 grams with 125 grams of Tribulus hydrosol.

Medicine which removes kidney stones:

Mix and grind the seeds of Cucumis melo, Cuminum cyminum, Carum copticum, Cyperus longus, Apium graveolens seeds, horseradish seeds and bitter almonds in equal amounts, eat 3.2 grams with Maidenhair decoction.


  1. Zakhire Kharazemshahi, vol. 6, pp. 839-847.
  2. Kholasat al- Tajareb, text, page: 470-479.
  3. Tohfat-al-Momenin, Hakim Mohammad Momen Tonekaboni, in Persian, 16th century, Vol. II, page 199, Par-e- Siavashan.
  4. Qarabadin Shafa’i, p. 124

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