Synonyms: Granatum puniceum, Punica grandiflora hort., Punica nana L.
English Name: Pomegranate
About Punica granatum
Pomegranate is the fruit of a tree that reaches four meters in height and has many varieties. The trunk of the pomegranate tree branches from near the ground and its branches are slightly prickly. Pomegranate leaves are oval, small, elongated and almost shiny. Punica Granatum flowers are relatively large, orange and reddish, and each flower usually has five or six delicate, wrinkled, almost heart-shaped petals, and are completely separated from each other.
Its fruit is large, relatively spherical and grows from the end of the flowers. Each fruit has a crown with several triangular and pointed edges, between these crowns, there are tiny threads. Pomegranate peel is relatively thick and red, pink, yellow and black.
Inside each pomegranate fruit, there are many small seeds, each of which consists of two parts:
The color of the fleshy part of pomegranate seeds is also varied and can be dark crimson, red, pink or white. Inside the Punica Granatum fruit, there are thin, creamy skins that separate the accumulation of pomegranate seeds. The taste of pomegranate fruit can be sweet, sour or sour-sweet. The best pomegranate is big, juicy and sweet.
Tannin, Organic acids. The chemical composition, antioxidant (DPPH and ABTS assays), anti-inflammatory (5-LOX), and cytotoxic (MCF-7) activities from flowers of seven pomegranate varieties (Punica granatum) were investigated. The highest phenolics (330.9±11.3 mg gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight (dw)), flavonoids (29.5±0.8 mg quercetin equivalent/g dw), tannins (30.6±0.6 mg catechin equivalent/g dw), and anthocyanins (0.70±0.03 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalent/g dw) content were determined in the Chetoui (CH) variety. It was found that Garsi (GR) (IC₅₀=4.9±0.2 mg/L by ABTS assay) and Zaghwani (ZG) (IC₅₀=3.9±0.2 mg/L by ABTS assay) varieties exhibited the highest antioxidant activity. For the anti-inflammatory activity, all varieties were active; the ZH variety was the strongest (2.5±0.1 mg/L).
Temperament: Cold and dry
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