Synonyms: Ferula puberula Boiss. & Buhse, Peucedanum persicum (Willd.) Baill.
English Name: Sagapenum
Other Names in English: Sagapen, Serapinum, Sakbinaj
Sagapenum is a resin derived from a plant of the Umbelliferae family. It is a perennial plant, 1 to 2 meters high, with a thick cylindrical stem and broad, toothed leaves with deep incisions that divide the leaf into pieces with sharp divisions.
This plant is native to Iran and has been identified in the slopes of Alborz and mountainous areas of northern Iran and exists in Lorestan and Chaharmahal mountains.
To extract the resin, the stem of the plant is split near the leaf, the sap is taken out and hardened in the presence of air.
The external color of this resin is red or yellow and the inside is white, it smells like garlic or Asafoetida and it tastes a little sour and bitter.
Chemical Constituents: Essential oil (Dill-apiole, elemicin, limonene, 6-camphenol acetate, Dimethyl trisulphide, dimethyl tetrasulphide, α-barbatene, lavandulyl 2-methyl butanoate, α-terpinyl isopentanoate, α-terpinyl n-pentanoate), Phenylpropanoids, Oxygenated monoterpenes, Monoterpene hydrocarbons, Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, Oxygenated sesquiterpenes, Sulfur compounds.
Temperament: Hot and dry.
1- If it is eaten a little, it is warming and anti-cold, and it is very useful for diseases caused by phlegm and relieving their coldness, as well as for headaches, paralysis and epilepsy caused by coldness which sensation and movement has lost.
It is useful for eliminates gases, it is a laxative for dense and sticky phlegm, and it removes homours which are attached to the corners of the body and joints, it removes kidney and bladder stones, it is diuretic and emmenagogue. It relieves chest pain, joint pain and gout, and kills a variety of stomach worms.
2- If every time 0.5 to 3 grams of it is mixed with honey and eaten, it is useful for strengthening sexual power, it has a good effect for relieving the side effects of laxatives, like opium.
3- If you eat as much as 6 peas every night for four nights before sleeping, it will cure kidney inflammation.
4- If you eat as much as 3 peas of it every night before sleeping and continue for twelve nights, it will cure stomach ulcers.
5- Its poultice with vinegar is beneficial for removing thorns that have sunk into the body.