Citrullus Colocynthis

Scientific Name: Citrullus Colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
Synonyms: Cucumis Colocynthis L.
English Name: Colocynth
Other Names in English: Bitter Cucumber.
Family: Cucurbitaceae

Product Details

Health Benefits

Temperament: Very hot and dry
1- Pour one or two grams of dried flesh from inside the fruit in empty capsules every day and eat it. It is a diuretic and a very strong laxative for phlegm and absorbs phlegm homours from the depths of the body and causes their expulsion, so it is used for hard polydipsia, for cold diseases such as headache, migraine, paralysis, Parkinson, epilepsy and forgetfulness, it is a powerful antibiotic against some microbe, it is useful for diseases of the stomach and intestines, liver, kidneys, bladder, uterus and joint pain, it is an emmenagogue.
2- Drinking two grams of its decoction or (pulverize it softly and fill it in empty capsules and eat it) kills parasites and if you wash and enema the intestine with its decoction, it will destroy small anal worms. And for infants with parasites, you can poultice colocynth decoction on their navel.
3- Cook its flesh in water and honey and eat it. It is concentrated chyme laxative.
4- Mix seven grams of its flesh with triple amount of fennel and boil it and drink its decoction. It is effective in treating melancholia, lamellar ichthyosis (a type of body hair loss) and leprosy.
5- Pierce the intact fruit and remove the seeds inside it, but the flesh should remains, then fill it with lily oil and close the lid with a piece of colocynth peel and knead the dough around it. And cook in the oven to boil a few times and eat a little of that oil every day and rub it on your head at night. It darkens the hair and prevents the hair from turning white.
6- Boil its juice or flesh in vinegar, then taste that vinegar in your mouth. Relieves toothache and strengthens the gums.
7- If you poultice its fresh juice or its dried decoction on the gum of the tooth, tooth extraction will be easier.
8- Drop decoction in the ear. It will kill the worm inside the ear and disinfects the ear.
9- Chop colocynth with its peel and boil it in water, then strain it and enema with its decoction. It is useful for treating paralysis, sciatica, gluteal muscles pain and back and lower back pain.
10- Its suppository in the anus is strong laxative and placing it in the vagina aborts the fetus.
Note: Colocynth is semi-toxic and you should be careful in using it, its use must be done under the supervision of a doctor or an experienced specialist. Hot-temperament people should avoid eating it, especially in the hot season, because it is harmful to them and causes stomach cramps and does not work, and causes discomfort such as confusion, headache, dizziness and stomach and anal discomfort. Colocynth should not be eaten alone, but should be consumed with Gum Arabic or Tragacanth or Pound Starch.


It is a perennial plant of the Cucurbitaceae family, its stems are broadly ground or ivy and ascending. The fruit is similar to the ordinary watermelon fruit, but small and often round, about the size of an orange with a different green or yellow color. The skin of the fruit is thin and hard and the kernel inside is white, which contains several oval white seeds, like ordinary watermelon seeds, but smaller than that. This plant grows in warm areas in the mountains and sandy deserts of Asia, North Africa, India, Iraq and Shamat and in different parts of Iran. This plant is mostly grown wildly and is sometimes planted by farmers.

Chemical Constituents

The fruit contains a number of bitter principles generally known as cucurbitacins consisting of a-elaterin (cucurbitacin E), elatericin B (cucurbitacin I), dihydroelatericin B (cucurbitacin L), citrullin, citrullene, citrullic acid and citrullol. Also present are sugars (glucose), pectin, hydrocarbons such as hentriacontane, a volatile oil consisting of citronellal, methyl eugenol and methyl heptenone, choline, alkaloids, lanosterol and bsitosterol. Seeds yield a bitter oil consisting of linoleic (60%), oleic (20%) and palmitic (10%) acids and a triterpene, citrullonol.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. ACPFOOD does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in ACPFOOD website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Read more

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