Synonyms: Salvia rosmarinus Spenn.
English Name: Rosemary
Other Names in English: Romero
Persian Name: رزماری، اکلیل کوهی/ Rosemary, Aklil Kouhi
German Name: Rosmarin
French Name: Romarin
About Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary is a perennial and fragrant shrub with many branches that reaches two meters in height. The young stems of this plant are green and the older stems are woody, hard and grayish. The leaves of the rosemary plant are small, elongated, narrow, pointed, and fleshy, growing alternately. In the middle of each leaf, there is a distinct longitudinal groove, and it is darker on the surface of the leaves than below them. Rosemary leaves have a bitter and spicy taste and a pleasant aroma.
The flowers of the rosemary plant are small, tabular, white with purple spots, sometimes pale blue, and sometimes purple, and they grow on top of its leaves. These flowers are fragrant and slightly bitter and spicy. After the rosemary flowers dry and fall, the reservoirs at the end of them remain, which contain four small, brown seeds. The shape of these seeds is almost like an incomplete oval with a quarter of it separated.
Leaves and flower tops yield 1-2% volatile oil consisting of bornyl acetate, borneol (the chief constituents), cineole and minor quantities of camphene and a-pinene. Also present in the leaves are rosemarinic acid and triterpene alcohols like a-, and b-amyrins, betulins and b-sitosterol.
Temperament: Very hot and dry
Rosmarinus Officinalis leaves
Harms: It is harmful to hot temperaments, it is abortive, pregnant women should avoid it and excessive consumption is toxic.
Rosmarinus Officinalis flower