Synonyms: Furcaria sabdariffa (L.) Ulbr., Sabdariffa rubra Kostel.
English Name: Roselle
Other Names in English: Indian Sorrel, Jamaica Sorrel, Red Sorrel, Sorrel
This is a perennial plant that reaches a height of one and a half meters. The stems of this plant are relatively thick and red and their cross -sectional surface is circular.
Its leaves are usually divided into three or five oval small leaves, with a few deep grooves and have very long, red petiole. The veins of these leaves are also red. The flowers of this plant are coarse, pink, and each has almost a triangular and wrinkled petals. Among the flowers of this plant there is a large, circular and completely red spot. Sepals of flowers are dark red.
The seeds are grayish black, almost wedge -shaped and curved.
Linoleic (41.06±0.7%), oleic (27.07±0.01%) and palmitic (21.9±0.03%) acids are the main fatty acids in the Roselle seeds oil. The maximum yield (20±0.02%), related to aqueous extract, however, higher TPC (201±0.02 mg GAEs/100 g) and antioxidant activity (DPPH, 94.15±0.2%; ABTS, 75.91±0.03%) were observed in acetone extract.
The leaves contain protein (3.3 g/100 g), fat (0.3 g/100 g), carbohydrate (9.2 g/100 g), minerals (phosphorus (214 mg/100 g), iron (4.8 mg/100 g) thiamine (0.45 mg/100 g), β-carotene (4135 μg/100 g), riboflavin (0.45 mg/100 g) and ascorbic acid (54 mg/100 g).
Temperament: Cold and dry