Synonyms: Calendula eriocarpa DC., Calendula prolifera hort.
English Name: Pot Marigold
Other Names in English: Calendula
About Calendula officinalis
Pot Marigold is a one-year or perennial plant that reaches fifty centimeters in height. The stems of this plant are relatively thick and hairy and their cross section is circular. On the stems, there is a sticky moisture.
Calendula officinalis has abundant, elongated, relatively large, hairy, sometimes pointed and drop-shaped leaves that grow without petioles. The upper leaves of this plant are much smaller than the lower leaves.
The flowers are relatively large, orange, sometimes yellowish, which grow singly at the end of the flowering stems. Each flower consists of a large number of elongated, narrow, almost almond-shaped petals, completely separated from each other, with three very small teeth at the top of each petal.
At the bottom of each flower, there is a small tank, in which there are a number of small, curved, relatively narrow, crescent-shaped, sometimes sickle-shaped, deep brown, and sometimes light brown seeds, which grow in a circle, next to each other. Behind each seed, there are many tiny bumps.
Several types of Saponin, a tasteless substance similar to bassorin, a resinous substance, a bitter substance called Calendulin, Sterol, Faradiol, Arnidiol, Carotin, Cholesterol, Essence, Lauric acid, Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Salicylic acid, Oleanolic acid, Pentadecylic acid, Myristic acid.
Temperament: Some consider Calendula Officinalis mild and some cold and dry.
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