Synonyms: Cuminum hispanicum Mérat, Ligusticum cuminum (L.) Crantz
English Name: Cumin seed
Other Names in English: –
It is a plant of the Umbelliferae family, an annual herbaceous plant that grows up to 60 centimeters in height. Its leaves are cut and divided into smaller, pointed, thin and almost needle-shaped parts. The flowers are small, white, or pink, appearing as compound umbels at the end of the flowering stem in May and June. The seeds of this plant are elongated, narrow, small and pale brownish green. Cumin seeds are pointed and grow in pairs. On its surface, there are linear and yellowish longitudinal ridges. They are very fragrant and have a spicy taste. The cumin plant has a cone-shaped and relatively long root.
α–Pinene (29.2%), limonene (21.7%), 1,8-cineole (18.1%), linalool (10.5%), linalyl acetate (4.8%), and α-terpineole (3.17%) are the major components of the essential oil. Isobutyl isobutyrate, α-Thujene, α-Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, p-Cymene, Limonene, 1, 8-Cineole, γ-Terpinene, Terpinolene, Linalool, α -Campholenal, trans-Pinocarveole, δ-Terpineole, Terpinene-4-ol. α-Terpineole, trans-Carveole, cis-Carveole, Geraniol, Linalyl acetate, Methyl geranate, α-Terpinyl acetate, Neryl acetate, Methyl eugenol, β-Caryophyllene, Spathulenol, Humulene epoxide II, Acetocyclohexane dione.
Temperament: Very hot and dry.
Harms: Harmful to the lungs.
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