Synonyms: Sambucus Elbulus L.
English Name: Elderberry
Other Names in English: Common Elder, European Elder, Hilder, Ground Elder, Dwarf Elder, Danewort
It is a plant of the Caprifoliceae family, it has a shrub that reaches a height of 10 meters.
The leaves are cut and compound and have 5 to 7 toothed leaflets measuring 10 to 15 cm, which are oval and pointed.
Its flowers are white and sugar-colored, which appear in the climatic conditions of West Azerbaijan and Hamedan in mid-May.
Its fruits are fleshy and small and dark blue or black.
Sambucus Nigra is native to Europe and Asia and is found in Iran in West Azerbaijan, Hamedan and Kangavar.
Chemical Constituents: Sugar, Red substance, Bitter substance, A kind of resin, Essence, Gum, Chrysanthemin, Valeric acid, Acetic acid and other different acids.
Temperament: Cold and dry.
It is diuretic and sedative. It is useful for defecation, and has a very good effect for the treatment of acute rheumatoid arthritis.
Sambucus Nigra fruit lowers blood pressure. Regulates menstruation. And it is useful for removing uterine infection, breast bleeding, diabetes, diarrhea and colitis.
Drinking the decoction of its fruit improves intestinal inflammation and intestinal infectious.
If you cook Elderberry, and poultice it, is useful for healing skin itching and skin diseases.
Harms: children under two years old, pregnant women, lactating women