Rosa Damascena

Scientific Name: Rosa Damascena Mill.
Synonyms: Rosa Calendarum Borkh, Rosa Gellica Var Damascena Vss
English Name: Damask Rose
Other Names in English:
Family: Rosaceae

Product Details

Health Benefits

Damask rose
Temperament: Some knows it cold and dry and some hot and moist.
1- Eat it. It is tonic, refreshing, softens the organs of the body, and is beneficial for relieving suffocation.
2- Boil 23 grams of it with 23 grams of “wormwood” in one liter of water, then dissolve 200 grams of sugar in the strained decoction and boil it until it thickens and gradually drink four teaspoons of it a day. It strengthens the stomach.
3- Drink its extract (flower that has been dried in the shade). It is useful to prevent bleeding from the chest, stop bleeding humors and remove moisture.
4- In the morning before breakfast, boil 20 grams of it with 25 grams of “Tennevelly Senna” and drink its decoction. It acts as an almost powerful laxative and removes fecal excreta, regulates the excretion of yellow bile and the separation of yellow bile from the blood, and relieves bitterness in the mouth.
5- Pound its fresh flowers and poultice it. It pulls out a bone or a thorn or a stick that is embedded in the skin.
6- Smelling it strengthens the nerves, heart and other organs of the body.
7- Rubbing it on wounds is useful for growing flesh in deep wounds and drying out moisture and pus from wound and smallpox wounds.
8- Dry its petals and pulverize them and besprinkle them in the uterus at night. Prevents abnormal secretions and dries uterine secretions, also eliminates infections, eliminates bad smell and scent the body and shrinks the cervix.
Damask rose buds
1- Juice its fresh buds and drink it. It is tonic and refreshing, relieves hot suffocation, and relieves heart weakness.
2- Chewing and tasting it in the mouth is beneficial for strengthening the gums and teeth and relieving toothache.
3- Boil the lentils, then pour the rose buds in it and brew it, then dissolve some camphor in it and taste and gargle it. It strengthens the heart and brain; however, in some weak people, it may cause sneezing, colds, swelling and inflammation of the blood vessels, and in some people, on the contrary, it eliminates these side effects.
4- Spraying its powder mixed with myrtle is useful for stop sweating.
5- Rub its dried powder to the teeth and gums and take it in the mouth. Heals mouth ulcers, rubbing it in the bath is useful to eliminate bad smell of the sweat.
6- Its fresh extract in the form of drops is beneficial for eye pain and earache, and rubbing it on the head relieves headache.
7- Pound its dried buds and poultice it. It is effective for drying moisture, it is beneficial for removing acnes and healing wounds, especially smallpox wounds, and drying those wounds and rashes.
8- Pound its buds and poultice. It is useful for relieving anal inflammation, for relieving warts and skin disorders, growing fresh flesh on deep wounds, shrink hot swellings and fractures of limbs.
9- Pound 100 grams of it, mix it with castor oil and close the lid and leave it for 7 days, on the eighth day put it under the sun to mix well and rub it on the body. Treats joint pain.
10- Brew it with water and do enema. It is useful for treating intestinal ulcers.
Note: Harmful to sexual power and causes thirst.
Modifier: Anise.
Tiny seed in the middle of Damask rose
Temperament: Hot and dry.
1- Eat 8 grams of it with water. Stops bleeding from any organ, stops severe diarrhea; if pulverize with its shrub and eaten is better.
2- Make a suppository from its powder and put it in the vagina at night. It strengthens the uterus and removes uterus moisture.
Note: The entry of its pollen into the nose of some people causes irritation of the nasal mucosa, sneezing and runny nose.
Modifier: Wrap the camphor in a cloth and smell.


It is a plant of the Rosaceae family, it is a small shrub with flowering branches, curved and thorny with large and small prickles, which large prickles are flat, curved and in the shape of a sickle, and with its small prickles accompanied a tuber. Damask rose is found wild in different parts of Iran at an altitude of 300 meters, in different parts of Alborz and also in Arak. The very fragrant type is called “Gole Mohammadi” or “rosewater flower”, which has 5 to 7 toothed petals and the leaves are shiny green and the back of the leaves is furry, the flowers are pale pink and appear in spring. This species is cultivated in different regions of Iran, especially in Kashan Ghamsar, Ravand and other parts of Kashan and in Fars, Meymand and in Azerbaijan and Qazvin and a number of cities in Iran.

Chemical Constituents

Citronellol (14.5–47.5%), nonadecane (10.5–40.5%), geraniol (5.5–18%), henicosane (7–14%).
There are some studies on chemical compositions of rose water and rose absolute. Phenyl ethyl alcohol (78.4%), citronellol (9.9%), nonadecane (4.4%) and geraniol (3.7%) have been reported as the main compounds of rose absolute. Geraniol (30.7%), citronellol (29.4%), phenyl ethyl alcohol (23.7%) and nerol (16.1%) have been reported as the main components of rose water while heneicosane (19.7%), nonadecane (13%), tricosane (11.3%), citronellol (7.1%), geraniol (2%) and citronellal (2.2%) also have been reported as the main component of rose water. In study that is published in 2015, the analysis of 10 rose water samples from Shiraz (Iran) revealed the presence of phenylethyl alcohol, geraniol and β-citronellol as the main components of rose water samples.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. ACPFOOD does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in ACPFOOD website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Read more

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