Silybum Marianum

Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum (L.) Gaertn
Synonyms: Carduus Marianus L.
English Name: Milk Thistle
Other Names in English: Holy Thistle, St. Mary Thistle, Lady’s Thistle.
Family: Compositae

Product Details

Health Benefits

Temperament: Hot.
Milk thistle is taken by mouth most often for liver disorders, including liver damage caused by chemicals, alcohol, and chemotherapy, as well as liver damage caused by Amanita mushroom poisoning, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic inflammatory liver disease, cirrhosis of the liver, and chronic hepatitis.
Some people apply milk thistle directly to the skin for skin damage caused by radiation.
Diabetes, Acne, Liver disease in people who drink alcohol, Mushroom poisoning, A blood disorder that reduces levels of protein in the blood called hemoglobin (beta-thalassemia), An adverse skin reaction caused by cancer drug treatment (chemotherapy-induced acral erythema), Liver damage caused by cancer drugs, Kidney damage caused by cancer drugs, Liver scarring (cirrhosis), Kidney disease in people with diabetes (diabetic nephropathy), Hay fever, Swelling (inflammation) of the liver (hepatitis), Swelling (inflammation) of the liver caused by the hepatitis B and C virus (hepatitis B and C), High levels of lipoproteins in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia), Liver damage caused by low oxygen levels, Inability to become pregnant within a year of trying to conceive (infertility), Breast feeding, A type of anxiety marked by recurrent thoughts and repetitive behaviors (obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD), Skin toxicity caused by radiation, Inflammation and ulcers (mucositis) caused by radiation, Hair pulling (trichotillomania), A type of inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis), A skin disorder that causes white patches to develop on the skin (vitiligo), Alzheimer disease, Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), High cholesterol, Indigestion (dyspepsia), Multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson disease, Prostate cancer and Symptoms of menopause.


Thistle is a dicotyledonous plant in the genus Daisy and the genus Asteraceae. It grows every year or every two years in some breeds and grows wild.
The usual appearance of this plant is a flower with red to purple colors and leaves that are yellowish green with white veins.
This plant gets 30-200 centimeters tall during its growth period and has an almost conical shape. The plant has grown to an average 160 centimeters in diameter. The stem of this plant usually has a cotton shape around it and most of the space of this stem is hollow.
The leaves of this plant are usually rectangular or spear-shaped around them and their dispersion is usually multi-leafed or double-leafed.

Chemical Constituents

Silychristine, silydianin and silybin.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. ACPFOOD does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in ACPFOOD website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Read more

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