Traditional Medicine Definition
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), traditional medicine is a set of knowledge, skills, and practices based on indigenous theories, beliefs, and experiences in different cultures.
- On the recommendation of this organization, the guidelines of traditional medicine, regardless of whether they can be explained with new medical information or not, are used to maintain health and also in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illnesses.
- A noteworthy point in traditional medicine is the cultural and indigenous roots of this medicine. In different geographical areas, there are different traditional medicines that differ in both theories and therapies, such as the type of native medicinal plants and therapeutic actions (Hijama, cupping, Bloodletting, Leech therapy and …).
- Studies around the world show that people are increasingly willing to use this medicine.
- Maintaining health is the best approach that traditional medicine pays attention to.
A Brief History of Traditional Medicine
- The history of traditional medicine is as old as the history of genesis of man. Many of the fundamental theories of traditional medicine are based on philosophical theories and holistic views of the universe.
- Cost-effectiveness, availability, positive effects, especially in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases and harmlessness are some of the positive points of this medicine.
- Of course, issues such as the lack of standard medicine or reliable therapists, impure and counterfeit herbal or mineral medicine, the possibility of interference with common medical medicine, are some of the issues that should be considered.
- This medicine is still considered as the main reference for the prevention and treatment of diseases in many African countries.