Synonyms: Ceratonia coriacea Salisb.
English Name: Carob
Other Names in English: St. John’s Bread, Locust Bean
It is a plant of the Leguminosae family, a beautiful tree 7 to 12 meters tall, which leaves are compound, consisting of 8 to 10 pairs of reddish-green leaflets, shiny, thick and leather like.
The circumference of the trunk of this tree reaches 2 meters.
The flowers are petal less, clustered, red or amethystine.
The fruit of Ceratonia Siliqua is a long, curved, fleshy pod 10 to 30 cm long, the fruit has a very sweet taste similar to honey, and inside the pod there are 12 to 16 hard seeds similar to lentils.
This tree is native to the Mediterranean region and grows wild in Syria, Chamat and Anatolian desert.
In Iran it grows only in Fars province near Kazerun.
Chemical Constituents: Carob fruit: about 60% Carbohydrates, 33% Sucrose, 18% Glucose, Tannin and other materials. Vitamins: A, B and D.
Carob Seeds: Fatty oil, resin included Mannose and Galactose.
Temperament: Cold and dry.
1- It is a diuretic, cures chest diseases, strengthens the stomach, is beneficial for weight gain and also stops diarrhea.
2- Eat 30 to 50 Centigram of fruit peel. It is useful for relieving diarrhea and stop coughing.
3- Mix Ceratonia Siliqua pods with milk and drink. It is appetizing and beneficial for relieving cough.
4- Rub its fresh extract on the warts. It will eliminate them.
5- Pulverize Ceratonia Siliqua pods gently and mix it with Henna, then knead it and cover your head with it. It prevents hair from greying.
Harms: Ceratonia Siliqua pods is slow to digest and flatulent, especially its fresh fruit, which has been picked less than one year ago.
1- Pulverize and eat it. It is very astringent, it is useful to prevent bleeding.
2-Pulverize Ceratonia Siliqua seeds and eat them. It is used both as a laxative and as an astringent.
3- Stick it on the wart and it will remove the wart.