Synonyms: Apium Carvi Crantz., Bunium Carvi M.B.
English Name: Caraway
Other Names in English: Caraway Seeds
Temperament: Very hot and dry.
1- Eat it. It is a stimulant, tonic and carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, lactiferous and tonic, is anti-bloating and seizure, strengthens stomach and relieves stomach pain, is prescribed to strengthen weak and pale young girls, pluck humors which attached to the stomach and expels the stomach.
2- Pour its pulverized powder on the wound. Prevents bleeding.
3- If you sit in its brewed water, it is beneficial for relieving uterine pain.
4- Mix its tea with honey and rub it on the wound. Heals rabid dog bites.
5- In the case of children who want to eat dirt and plaster, powder 9 grams of it and knead it with a little honey and every morning and evening give it to children between 2 to 3 years old each time as big as a small hazelnut and a big hazelnut to 3 to 7 years old children. Reduces their desire to eat plaster and dirt.
Note: Harmful to the lungs and kidneys as well as hot temperament people.
It is a plant of the Umbelliferae family, biennial and some cultivars are annual. Its plant is like a carrot plant. Its stem reaches a height of 50 to 90 centimeters. Its root is spindle-shaped and its fruit is long, narrow, slightly curved with a length of 5 millimeters, both sides of which are narrow. The color of the fruit is dark brown to black, it has five light long protruding lines on the surface and its smell is pungent and fragrant.
It grows in many areas in Iran and Iranian caraway is special in the world.
The mericarps (‘seeds’) contain protein (40%), fixed oil and resin (10%) and a volatile oil (3-8%). The principal constituents of the volatile oil are carvone (55-60%) and limonene. Other monoterpenes present are a-pinene, b-pinene, and p-cymene. The fixed oil is rich in oleic (60%), linoleic (20%) and petroselinic (17%) acids. The phenolics reported from the seeds are glycosides of kaempferol, quercetin and isorhamnetin and coumarins such as 5- and 8-methoxy psoralens, umbelliferone, herniarin, and scopoletin. The whole plant also yields a volatile oil consisting of cadinene (37%), carvone (31%) and dihydrocarveol (10%). The roots contain polyenes, falcarindione, falcarinolone, phytofluene, b-sitosterol, umbelliferone and scopoletin. Leaves contain glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin.
Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. ACPFOOD does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
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